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Volume 24, Number 6, 2019

Formulation of normal tissue irradiation volumes in Co-60 and Ir-192 HDR ICBT of Ca cervix using Total Reference Air Kerma (TRAK)

Ngangom Robert, R.P. Chauhan, Arun Oinam, Bhavana Rai


Aim The aim of this study was to formulate isodose volume relations encompassed by isodose surfaces in Co-60 and Ir-192 HDR intracavitary brachytherapy (ICBT) of cervix carcinoma using the Total Reference Air Kerma (TRAK). Background The TRAK and isodose volumes are radioactive source related. The formulated relations can easily estimate the irradiated isodose volume if the TRAK and dose are known. The C0-60 can also be used for brachytherapy because of its longer half life and comparable OAR doses to Ir-192. Materials and methods Isodose volumes encompassed by different isodose surfaces and TRAK were obtained from 22 Ca cervix ICBT treatment plans in Co-60 and Ir-192 HDR brachytherapy with 9 Gy prescription to point A. Isodose volume relations were formulated both for Co-60 and Ir-192 brachytherapy source from the slopes and intercepts of the linear fit in the plot between isodose volumes and TRAKs. Results The TRAK value of Co-60 was higher than Ir-192 by about 7.16%. The isodose volumes at low doses for Co-60 were higher than Ir-192. But no significant differences in the dose to the bladder and rectum were observed due to these sources. For dose to 2 cm3 bladder and rectum volume, the differences were 1.07% and 0.75%, respectively. The correlation coefficient with the 2-tailed significance of correlation (p value) between TPS measured isodose volume and calculated isodose volumes using the formulated relations at different dose values were statistically significant as p < 0.05. Conclusion Results show different isodose volumes for both sources but the dose to the bladder and rectum are nearly the same.

Signature: Rep Pract Oncol Radiother, 2019; 24(6) : 568-575

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